A) The Conception of Arihanta : The Word Arihanta (Ari-hanta) means
the destroyer (hanta) of enemy (Ari). The concept of Arihanta is defined
pi ya kammam aribhuyam hoi sayala jivanam
kammam arihanta arihanta tena vuccanti
types of karmas (micro particles that adhere to the soul having energy
to bound it) are the enemies of the soul in mundane body. The destroyers
of these eight enemies in the form of karma are called arihantas.
most potent enemies of the soul are inner vices like infatuation, etc.
These vices have been divided into eight groups and are called eight karmas.
These eight karmas are the only foes of the soul. No one in this world
has any enemy other than these karmas. The four strongest and vitiating
karmas (the ghati-obscuring the inherent qualities of soul-karmas) are:
1.Mohaniya (illusory) : This includes attachment, greed, aversion
and passions. Illusion is the worst enemy of the soul. It is the king
2. Antaraya (power hindering): This karma obstructs the development
and spread of the powers of the soul.
3. Jnanavarana (Knowledge obstructing) : The soul has infinite power
of knowledge. But the Jnanavarana Karma impedes this power like a veil
over the eyes.
4. Darsanavarana (perception obstructing): This obstructs the indistinguishable
perception of common things.
The Jain system of purification of
soul has formulated fourteen levels of these are termed as gunasthana.
In order to destroy these four karma-enemies the mendicant ascends over
the seventh (soul purification step) gunasthana where all the evil
karmas are absent, pure meditation (the twelfth gunasthana)and feeling
of detachment (the thirteenth gunasthana of freedom from attachment and
aversion). He, then, defeats the four karma-enemies with the help of the
bright and powerful rays of his pure penance and meditation. Becoming
the conqueror of self, he attains the position of Arihanta After this,
there manifests in the soul the divine light of the infinite quadrant
(1) pure character (Ksayika caritra),
(2) Infinite potency (anta virya),
(3) Omniscience (Kewal Jnana),
(4) Pure perception (Kewal darsana).
line Namo Arihantanam is visualized in white colour.
The direct view of the Lord Arihanta :
observing the Illustration : Possessing the infinite quadrant, the
Arihantas are unique individuals having many divine superlatives with
limitless grandeur. When they sit in the
(the religions assembly of a Tirthamkara) they are adomed
with eight felicitations namely :
pair of divine whisks,
divine shower of flowers,
divine orb, bright as the sun,
divine drums, and
divine speech, clearly audible upto one kosa or approximately 9.09
miles and comprehensible to all living beings.
In his assembly sit angels, demons, human beings and the creatures who
are natural enemies like lion and goat, snake and mongoose, peacock and
snake, forgetting their enmity and comprehending his discourse in their
Drought, flood, storm, epidemic and
other such natural calamities as well as r and other man-made problems
do not occur around the place where the Lord Arihanta dwells.
The meditation of the divine form
of the Lord Arihanta, adorned with these twelve attributes, evokes benign
feelings. Even an enemy is effused with the feelings of love, respect
and friendship. Fear and other such feelings are removed. Peace and strength
grow. Feeling of detachment surfaces.
First, look at the illustration attentively,
then close the eyes and try to visualize the form of the lord Arihanta.
With every breath utter the line Namo Arihantanam and practice to absorb
that form in your mind. Continue to repeat 'Namo Arihantanam' with
every inhalation and exhalation. This would help the growth of the feeling
of submission towards the Lord Arihanta. Proximity with the Lord will
be experience. A sensation of union with the Arihant will be felt.