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Akhil Bharati Mahila Mandal
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vad &79

cnys thou 'kSyh] feys 'kfDr vycsyh
fnukad 1 uoacj] 2004
 
 
 
laLFkk ds c<+rs pj.k
29oka okf"kZd vf/kos'ku] flfj;kjh

vkpk;Z fHk{kq dh riksHkwfe flfj;kjh dh 'khry Nkao esa rsjkiaFk efgyk lekt us vius vrhr dh leh{kk ds lkFk&lkFk Hkfo"; dh dYiukvksa dks latks;kA fHk{kq lekfèk LFky ds ikou rst ls izsfjr gks] vius vkjkè; ds izfr leiZ.k esa fu"Bk trkrs gq, efgykvksa us iqu% vius drZ`Ro dks vkSj vfèkd ?kuhHkwr djus dk ladYi fy;kA
rsjkiaFk èkeZla?k ds n'kekfèk'kkLrk vkpk;Z Jh egkizK ds ikou lkfUuè; esa vf[ky Hkkjrh; rsjkiaFk efgyk eaMy dk 29oka okf"kZd vfèkos'ku vk;ksftr gqvkµftlesa ns'k&fons'k ds 164 LFkkuksa ls 600 cguksa us lksRlkg izfrfufèkRo fd;kA
fnukad 3 vDVwcj] 2004 dks vuq'kkflr izKk&tkxj.k jSyh ds :i esa vkpk;Z Jh egkizK ,oa ;qokpk;Z Jh egkJe.k ds n'kZu dj eaxy ikB lqudj vfèkos'ku dk 'kqHkkjaHk gqvkA rRi'pkr~ egkJe.kh lkèohizeq[kk dudizHkkth ds izoklLFky ij igqap dj jSyh fo'kky lHkk ds :i esa ifjofrZr gqbZA vfèkos'ku dk vkSipkfjd mn~?kkVu vè;{kk] Jherh lq'khyk iVkojh us fd;kA rsjkiaFk efgyk eaMy] xaxk'kgj }kjk mPpkfjr eaxy xhr ds ckn dsUnzh; dk;Zlfefr dh leLr lnL;kvksa us ^tkxj.k xhr* ls vkºoku fd;kA vius vè;{kh; laHkk"k.k ds varxZr Jherh lq'khyk iVkojh us ,dfu"B gks] ,d y{; ds izfr] leiZ.ke;] izfrc)rk dh izsj.kk nhA ^vkpk;Z fHk{kq dh e;kZnk vkSj ?kj&ifjokj* fo"k; ij fopkj eap dk lapkyu egkea=h Jherh lwjt cjfM+;k us fd;kA ftlesa lkèoh foJqrfoHkk us vkKk vkSj vuq'kklu fo"k; ij izf'k{k.k nsrs gq, dgk fd laxBu dk vkèkkj gSµvuq'kkluA vxzxkfe;ksa us vuq'kklu ds izfr fu"Bk iSnk dh gS ftlls foosd psruk tkx`r gqbZ] dj.kh;&vdj.kh; dk cksèk gqvk gS] ;gh dkj.k gS fd xq# dk vuq'kklu lgt Lohdkj gks tkrk gS tcfd ifjokj esa eqf[k;k dk vuq'kklu yknk tkrk gSA
lkèohJh dYiyrkth us ^^lkj.kk&okj.kk** dk foospu djrs gq, dgk fd ^ifjokj dh izlUurk o LoLFkrk* dk vkèkkj bu nks 'kCnksa esa gSA dksbZ Hkh gksµlkèkq ;k x`gLFkhµlcdks laHkky o fn'kk&n'kZu dh t:jr gSA vuqfpr dks jksduk okj.kk gS vkSj lgkjk nsuk lkj.kk gSA lkèoh ftuizHkkth us ^^e;kZnk** dks la?k ,oa ifjokj ds ifjizs{k esa crkrs gq, dgk fd ^^dgha Hkh] dksbZ Hkh gks] e;kZnk,a lcds fy, jksVh dh rjg t:jh gksrh gSaA vkpk;Z fHk{kq us Hkh rRdkyhu la?kksa dh voLFkk dks ns[kdj la?k gsrq foèkku dk fuekZ.k fd;kA ikfjokfjd ,oa lkekftd leL;kvksa dk lekèkku gS e;kZnkvksa ds vanj jgukA cgusa Hkh vius ifjokj gsrq e;kZnk cuk,aA**
lkèoh 'kqHkizHkkth us ^^ijaijk vkSj O;oLFkk** ij cnyrs ekgkSy esa izdk'k Mkyrs gq, dgk fd ^^ijaijk,a o O;oLFkk lqj{kk dop gS] tks lcdks ,d èkkjk ls tksM+dj fodkl nsrk gSA tks O;oLFkk o ijaijk 'krkfCn;ksa ls pyh vk jgh gS mls lkoèkkuh ls cnyus dh t:jr gS] cnyus dh izfØ;k esa lgefr dks egRo nsa] ubZ lksp o fparu ds lkFk cnysaA** lkèohJh 'kqHkz;'kk us ^^lafoHkkx** dk egRo la?k o ifjokj ds fy, fdruk vfèkd gS crkrs gq, dgk fd ^^fdlh laxBu dh og O;oLFkk ftlesa thouksi;ksxh lkèku lcdks leku :i ls feys og gS lafoHkkxA ;g ekufld 'kkafr dk vkèkkj gSA** lHkh izf'k{kdksa us lkèohJh ds bu fcanqvksa ds vkèkkj ij ifjokj esa larqyu o lkeatL; dSls djsa le>k;k o izfrfufèk cguksa dh ftKklkvksa dks lekfgr fd;kA
J)s;k egkJe.khth us cguksa dks lafoèkku] vuq'kklu vkSj e;kZnk dk egRo crkrs gq, ?kj&?kj esa lafoèkku fuekZ.k dh vko';drk le>kbZA mUgksaus dgk fd ^^e;kZnk thou&o`{k dh tM+sa gSa ftuds fcuk fodkl dh xfr ij fojke yx tkrk gS vkSj o`{k ^cksulkbZ* jg tkrk gSA** bl l= dk eap lapkyu Jherh vatw cSn us fd;kA
nksigj ds l= esa ^dSls cus vPNh lkl vkSj eka* fo"k; ij jktLFkku jkT; efgyk vk;ksx dh vè;{k izksQslj iou lqjk.kk&t;iqj ,oa lar t;kpk;Z efgyk egkfo|ky; dh izkpk;kZ MkWñ eku HkaMkjh us ljl izf'k{k.k fn;kµiz'uksa dks Hkh lekfgr fd;kA dkadjksyh dh cguksa us eaxy laxku fd;kA Jherh jkt lsfB;k us tSuRo dh >yd fo"k; ij ifjlaokn ds lkFk x`glTtk ds os midj.k fn[kk;s tks tSuRo ds vuq:i FksA dk;ZØe dk eap lapkyu Jherh uhye cksjM+ us fd;kA rRi'pkr ^fHk{kq&n'kZu* ij fyf[kr iz'uksÙkj izfr;ksfxrk vk;ksftr dh xbZA ftlesa lSdM+ksa dh rknkn esa izfrfufèk cguksa us Hkkx fy;kA
jkf=dkyhu l= dk fo"k; Fkk ^,d 'kke fHk{kq ds uke* ftlesa vkpk;Z fHk{kq dh thou >kadh ,oa fl)karksa ds ifjlaokn ds }kjk lwjr] eqEcbZ] vgenkckn] cSaxyksj] fnYyh ,oa dksydkrk dh cguksa us izLrqfr nhA ftldk dq'kyrkiwoZd eapu fd;k Jherh deyk NktsM+ ¼dksydkrk½ usA
lkèohizeq[kkJhth us cguksa ds ys[ku] oDrO; ,oa izLrqfr ij mRlkgoèkZu djrs gq, eks{k vkSj mldh izkfIr ds lkèkuksa dh laf{kIr O;k[;k dhA vkius crk;k fdµKku] n'kZu] pkfj= dh lkèkuk gh èkeZ gSA ftlds }kjk caèku eqfDr gksrh gSA vuar vkuan Lo:i vkRek dh izkfIr gksrh gSA l= dk lapkyu Jherh lqeu ukgVk us fd;kA
vfèkos'ku ds nwljs fnu ds izFke l= dk fo"k; Fkkµ^vkpj.k ds vkbZus esa JkodRo dh dlkSfV;ka*A ftl ij 'kklu xkSjo lkèohJh jktherhth us ân;Li'khZ oDrO; izLrqr fd;kA vkn'kZ Jkfodk t;arh dk mnkgj.k nsrs gq, vkius egRoiw.kZ fcanqvksa dk vkbZuk izLrqr fd;kA mUgksaus Jkod thou dh lkèkuk dks crkrs gq, O;kogkfjd] vkè;kfRed cuus ds dqN vko';d fcanqvksa dk mYys[k fd;kµ
l Jkod uorRo dk Kkrk gksA l rhu jRu dh tkudkjh gksA l viuh ijaijk dk Kku gksA l izfrØe.k vo'; djsA
l oanuk dh ijaijk LFkkfir djsA l uodkjlh o izgj ij è;ku nsA l 12 Hkkouk Hkk,A
rRi'pkr~ eq[; vfrfFk Jh vkjñihñ tSu us cguksa dks iz'kklfud lsok esa dne c<+kus dh izsj.kk nhA dkBekaMw dh cguksa }kjk izLrqr xhr ds ckn vè;{kk Jherh lq'khyk iVkojh us leLr cguksa dks ^Jkod&fu"Bk i=* dk okpu djk;kA laLFkk ds izHkkjh ,oa ofj"B Jkod Jh dUgS;kyky NktsM+ us vius oDrO; esa lq>ko fn;k fd dqN ,sls dk;ZØe gkFk esa fy, tk,a fd ftuls cguksa esa fouezrk] lgu'khyrk rFkk tSu thou 'kSyh ds izfr yxko c<+s ,oa os vkn'kZ thou th ldsaA fo'ks"k vkeaf=r Jh vkjñihñ tSu] Jh ,lñ,lñ yks<+k] Jh ihñ,uñ HkaMkjh] Jh egkohj cacksyh ,oa Jh dUgS;kyky NktsM+ dks lkfgR;] Le`fr fpUg vkfn vè;{k Jherh lq'khyk iVkojh us HksaV fd;kA
egkJe.kh lkèohizeq[kkJhth us izfrfufèk;ksa dks mn~cksfèkr djrs gq, izsj.kk nh fd viuh {kerk dks ij[kdj fQj ns[ksa] dy ge dgka Fks] orZeku esa dgka igqaps gSa vkSj Hkfo"; esa dgka igqapus dk y{; gSµrc xfr djsa rks izxfr gksxhA vPNh Jkfodk cuus ds fy, ^Jkod lacksèk* xzaFk dk euuiwoZd vè;;u djus dh izsj.kk nhA bl l= dk lapkyu Jherh eatw lqjkuk us fd;kA
rRi'pkr~ leLr cgusa ^fHk{kq leolj.k* esa iwT;ojksa ds lkfUu/; esa igqaphA tgka J)s; ;qokpk;Z izoj us cguksa dks drZO;fu"Bk dh izsj.kk nsrs gq, ikfjokfjd nkf;Ro] lkekftd nkf;Ro] la?kh; nkf;Ro ,oa oS;fDrd nkf;Ro ds izfr tkx:d jgus dh izsj.kk nh rFkk fdlh Hkh dk;Z dks djus ls igys mldk ekLVj Iyku lkeus j[kus dk ekxZ lq>k;kA
ijekjkè; vkpk;Z izoj us egrh d`ik djds efgyk lekt dks fo'ks"k fn'kk cksèk nsrs gq, dgk fd vf[ky Hkkjrh; rsjkiaFk efgyk eaMy ftl dk;Z dks gkFk esa ys mls fuokZg dh lhek rd iwjk djsA ladYic) gksdj dke djsa rks dke lQy gks tkrs gSaA vxj efgyk eaMy ,d dke ¼ikfjokfjd leL;k lacaèkh½ gkFk esa ys rks u;k dhfrZeku LFkkfir gksxkA lq[kh ifjokj ds izf'k{k.k ds fy, rhu o"kZ dh ;kstuk cukbZ tk;s] igys o"kZ NksVs xkaoksa esa 200&300 f'kfoj yxk;s tk;sa] izf'kf{kdk,a rS;kj dh tk,a] ;g efgyk lekt ds fy, vuqdj.kh; mnkgj.k cu tk;sxkA leL;k eqDr ifjokj nwljksa ds fy, vkn'kZ cu tkrk gSA ftlesa rykd] Hkzw.kgR;k o ngst u jgsA
nksigj ds l= esa ^ge vkSj gekjh laLFkk* fo"k; ij [kqyh ppkZ pyh rkfd izfrfufèk cguksa dks laLFkk ds lafoèkku dh tkudkjh gks lds ,oa mudh tfVyrkvksa dks lekfgr fd;k tk ldsA bl l= dk lapkyu Jherh lqeu ukgVk ¼fnYyh½ us ,oa laLFkk o mlds foèkku ij izf'k{k.k ofj"B mikè;{kk Jherh lk;j cSaxkuh rFkk fuorZeku vè;{kk Jherh iq"ik cSaxkuh us iznku fd;kA
jkf=dkyhu l= dk fo"k; Fkkµ^ekufld LokLF; vkSj izs{kkè;ku*A ftlesa fnYyh ls ièkkjs ân; jksx fo'ks"kK MkWñ eupank us cguksa dks LokLF; lacafèkr tkudkjh nh ,oa mudh ftKklkvksa dk lekèkku Hkh fd;kA vè;{kk Jherh lq'khyk iVkojh us MkWñ eupank ,oa Jherh eupank dks lkfgR; ,oa Le`fr fpUg HksaV fd;kA t;iqj vkSj ipinjk dh cguksa us eaxykpj.k fd;kA
J)s;k lkèohizeq[kkJhth us LokLF; dk vkèkkj rRo Hkkstu iz.kkyh ,oa Je dh thou 'kSyh dks crkrs gq, vkgkj ds rhu izdkjµfgrkgkj] ferkgkj ,oa _rkgkj dk fo'ys"k.k fd;kA
vfèkos'ku dk rhljk o vafre l= fHk{kq leolj.k esa iwT;ojksa dh ikou lfUufèk esa izkjaHk gqvkA dk;ZØe dks nks pj.kksa esa foHkkftr fd;k x;kA izFke pj.k esa ^tkxj.k dh lkFkZd fn'kk,a* fo"k; ij Jherh lquhrk tSu }kjk dq'ky la;kstu fd;k x;kA f}rh; pj.k lEeku o iqjLdkj forj.k lekjksg ds :i esa vk;ksftr gqvkA izèkku VªLVh Jherh rkjk lqjkuk us fo"k; dk leh{kkRed fo'ys"k.k izLrqr fd;kA jk"Vªh; vè;{kk Jherh lq'khyk iVkojh us Hkkoh ;kstuk,a izLrqr dhA
J)s;k egkJe.khth us vius eaxy mn~cksèku esa dgk fd lQyrk vkSj vlQyrk dh ;qfDr gh thou gS ij vlQyrk ls f'k{kk ysdj lqèkkj dj ys og lQy gks tkrk gSA J)s; ;qokpk;ZJh us dgk fd vkèkqfudrk ds lkFk ijaijk dk larqyu fodkl dk ewy vkèkkj gSA vr% nksuksa ckrksa dk è;ku j[kk tk;sA ijekjkè; vkpk;Zizoj us ikFks; iznku djrs gq, leLr cguksa dks mn~cksèku fn;k fd ;fn efgyk lekt tSu thou 'kSyh ds ukS lw=ksa dks vkRelkr djds thou 'kSyh cnys rks fodkl lkFkZd lkfcr gks ldrk gSA
iqjLdkj o lEeku ds varxZr bl o"kZ cSaxyksj gkbZdksVZ dh ,MoksdsV Jherh Lo.kZekyk iksdj.kk us xq# n`f"V dk izlkn ekurs gq, lnk la?k lsok esa rRij jgus dk ladYi fd;kA Jherh Lo.kZekykth dk ifjp; muds llqj Jh iksdj.kk us ekfeZd 'kCnksa esa fn;k ,oa vius mn~xkj O;Dr fd;sA Jherh lq'khyk iVkojh us foxr o"kZ esa fo'ks"k lfØ;rk ls dk;Z djus okys {ks=ksa ds uke dh ?kks"k.kk dhA mUgksaus crk;k fd bl o"kZ lnL; la[;k ds vkèkkj ij {ks=ksa dks rhu Hkkxksa esa foHkkftr dj lEekfur fd;k x;kA
cM+s {ks=ksa esa % izFke LFkku&fnYyh] cSaxyksj] f}rh; LFkku&dksydkrkA
fof'k"V lfØ;µvgenkckn] lwjr] eqacbZ o ckyksrjkA
lfØ; 'kk[kkµmÙkj gkoM+k] dkBekaMwA
eè; {ks= esa % izFke LFkku&dks;EcVwj] f}rh; LFkku&flypjA
fof'k"V lfØ;µnf{k.k gkoM+k] xaxk'kgj] t;iqj lh Ldhe] ykMuwa] HkhyokM+kA
lfØ; 'kk[kkµmèkuk] JhMwaxjx<+] mn;iqj ,oa jk;iqjA
NksVs {ks=ksa esa % izFke LFkku&ipinjk] f}rh; LFkku&bZjksM+A
izksRlkguµvkesV] txjkvks] tlksy] fpdeaxywj] jktlean] chdkusjA
dk;ZØe ds nwljs l= vFkkZr~ iqjLdkj forj.k lekjksg dk dq'ky lapkyu Jherh dud cjespk us fd;kA vfèkos'ku ds varxZr nks izfr;ksfxrkvksa dk vk;kstu fd;k x;kA
1&tSuRo vuq:i ^nhikoyh dkMZ* izfr;ksfxrk % ftlesa ns'k Hkj ls 56 izfr;ksfx;ksa us Hkkx fy;kA ftlesa fuEu cguksa us iqjLdkj izkIr fd;kµ
izFke LFkku&ljyk cSn ¼fnYyh½] f}rh; LFkku&jk[kh cSn ¼lwjr½ ,oa r`rh; LFkku&banq yks<+k ¼jk;iqj½A izksRlkgu iqjLdkjµljyk HkqrksfM+;k ¼lwjr½] cj[kk iqxfy;k ¼cSaxyksj½] ve`r ukgVk ¼fnYyh½] o izse ckQuk ¼fnYyh½A
2&fHk{kq iz'uksÙkjh izfr;ksfxrk % ukjh yksd dh iz'uksÙkjh ij vkèkkfjr ;g izfr;ksfxrk izfrfufèk cguksa dh #fp dk dsUnz jghA yxHkx 106 cguksa us blesa Hkkx fy;kA 90 izfr'kr ls vfèkd vad izkIr djus okyh cguksa ds uke bl izdkj gSaµ
izFke&fceyk xksysPNk ¼ckyksrjk½] f}rh;&jtuh ckQuk ¼fnYyh½] eqUuh dksBkjh ¼pq#½A r`rh;&lqfurk lqjkuk ¼fnYyh½] eatq nd ¼jktuxj½A izksRlkgu iqjLdkjµehuk dksBkjh ¼vgenkckn½] cj[kk iqxfy;k ¼cSaxyksj½] ljkst NktsM+ ¼fnYyh½] fot;k pksiM+k ¼ipinjk flVh½A lkaRouk iqjLdkjµlarks"k cSn ¼fnYyh½] gseyrk ijekj ¼vgenkckn½] js[kk vkPNk ¼nsox<+½] lqeu ukgVk ¼fnYyh½] fot;k xsyM+k ¼dks;EcVwj½ o ek;k nwxM+ ¼fnYyh½A
pkj ekl esa O;oLFkk lacaèkh fo'ks"k lg;ksx gsrq fuEufyf[kr cguksa dks fo'ks"k iqjLdkj iznku fd;k x;kµ
µ ehuk lqjkuk] Jherh yhyk lkyspk ,oa Jherh mejko ';kelq[kk
vfèkos'ku ds lQy vk;kstu esa vusd HkkbZ&cguksa dk Je yxkA vf[ky Hkkjrh; rsjkiaFk efgyk eaMy dh inkfèkdkjh cguksa o dk;Zlfefr lnL;kvksa us vFkd ifjJe fd;kA izèkku VªLVh o VªLV eaMy dh lnL;kvksa dk visf{kr lg;ksx feykA izokl O;oLFkk lfefr flfj;kjh dk iw.kZ lg;ksx izkIr gqvk ,oa Jh jktsUnz th lqjk.kk dk lg;ksx izkIr gqvkA vki lHkh dks vf[ky Hkkjrh; rsjkiaFk efgyk eaMy dh vksj ls gkfnZd vkHkkjA
fo'ks"k è;kukFkZ % dU;k eaMy la;ksftdk Jherh uhye cksjM+ dk irk cny x;k gSA i= O;ogkj fuEu irs ij djsaµ
Jherh uhye cksjM+
}kjk % Jh nyhi th cksjM+] laxe lkxj vikVZesaV
¶ySV uañ&303] ,Q&2] fou; iFk] dkafr panzk jksM+]
cuh ikdZ] iksLV&t;iqj µ eksckby % 9414381511